Ecologically Based Rodent Management for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security in Africa

Recent scientific publications by the EcoRodMan team

Williams, Samual T., Maree, Naudene, Taylor, Peter, Belmain, Steven R., Keith, Mark and Swanepoel, Lourens H. (2018) Camera trap and questionnaire dataset on ecosystem services provided by small carnivores in agro-ecosystems in South Africa. Data in Brief. 18:753-759.

Williams, S., Swanepoel, L., Keith, M., Maree, N., Taylor, P., Belmain, S.R. (2018) Predation by small mammalian carnivores in rural agro-ecosystems: An undervalued ecosystem service? Ecosystem Services.30(c):362-371

Massawe, Apia W., Makundi, Rhodes H., Zhang, Zhibin, Mhamphi, Ginethon, Liu, Ming, Li, Hong-Jun and Belmain, Steven R. (2018) Effect of synthetic hormones on reproduction in Mastomys natalensis. Journal of Pest Science. 91:157-168.

Krijger, Inge M., Belmain, Steven R., Singleton, Grant R., Groot Koerkamp, Peter W. G. and Meerburg, Bastiaan G. (2017) The need to implement the landscape of fear within rodent pest management strategies. Pest Management Science. 73(12): 2397-2402. 

Swanepoel, Lourens H., Swanepoel, Corrie M., Brown, Peter R., Eiseb, Seth J., Goodman, Steven M., Keith, Mark, Kirsten, Frikkie, Leirs, Herwig, Mahlaba, Themb’alilahlwa A. M., Makundi, Rhodes H., Malebane, Phanuel, von Maltitz, Emil F., Massawe, Apia W., Monadjem, Ara, Mulungu, Loth S., Singleton, Grant R., Taylor, Peter J., Soarimalala, Voahangy and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) A systematic review of rodent pest research in Afro-Malagasy small-holder farming systems: Are we asking the right questions? PLoS ONE, 12 (3):e0174554.

Mahlaba T.A.M., Monadjem A., McCleery R. and Belmain S.R. (2017) Domestic cats and dogs create a landscape of fear for pest rodents around rural homesteads. PLoS ONE 12(2): e0171593.

Mulungu, L. S., Ngowo, V., Mdangi, M. E., Kapingu, M., Mbukwa, E., Mgina, C. A., et al. (2017). Effectiveness of the Domestic Cat (Felis silvestris catus) Urine Extracts Odour against Commensal Rodents. Huria. 2:110–121.

Labuschagne, L., Swanepoel, L.H., Taylor, P.J., Belmain, S.R. and Keith, M. (2016). Are avian predators effective biological control agents for rodent pest management in agricultural systems? Biological Control. 101: 94-102.

Mgode, G., Machang'u, R.S., Mhamphi, G.G., Katakweba, A., Mulungu, L., Durnez, L., Leirs, H., Hartskeerl, R.A. and Belmain, S.R. Leptospira serovars for diagnosis of leptospirosis in humans and animals in Africa: Common leptospira isolates and reservoir hosts. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 9(12): e0004251.

Mulungu, L.S., Borremans, B., Ngowo, V., Mdangi, M.E., Katakweba, A.S., Tesha, P., Mrosso, F.P., Mchomvu, M. and Kilonzo, B.S. (2015) Comparative study of movement patterns of Mastomys natalensis in irrigated rice and fallow fields in eastern Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology. online first.

Makundi, R. H., Massawe, A. W., Borremans, B., Laudisoit, A., and Katakweba, A. S. (2015). We are connected: flea – host association networks in the plague outbreak focus in the Rift Valley, northern Tanzania. Wildlife Research 42, 196–206.

Mulungu, L.S., Ngowo, V., Mdangi, M.E., Katakweba, A.S., Tesha, P., Mrosso, F.P., Mchomvu, M., Massawe, A.W., Monadjem, A., Kilonzo, B. and Belmain, S.R. (2015) Survival and recruitment of the multimammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis (Smith 1834), in a rice agro-ecosystem. Mammalia. online first

Mulungu, L.S, Lagwen, P.P., Mdangi, M.E., Kilonzo, B.S. and Belmain, S.R. (2014). Impact of spatio-temporal simulations of rat damage on yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and implications for rodent pest management. International Journal of Pest Management. 60(4): 269-274.

Mulungu, L.S., Sixbert, V., Ngowo, V, Mdangi, M, Katakweba, A.S., Tesha, P., Mrosso, F.P. Mchomvu, M., Kilonzo B.S. and Belmain S.R. (2014) Spatio-temporal patterns in the distribution of the multi-mammate mouse. Mammalia. online first.

Mulungu, L.S., Mlyashimbi, E.C.M, Ngowo, V., Mdangi, M., Katakweba, A.S., Tesha, P., Mrosso, F.P. Mchomvu, M., Kilonzo B.S. and Belmain S.R. (2014) Food preferences of the multi-mammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, in irrigated rice habitats in Tanzania. International Journal of Pest Management. 60(1): 1-8.

Lamb, J., Downs, S., Eiseb, S., and John Taylor, P. (2014). Increased geographic sampling reveals considerable new genetic diversity in the morphologically conservative African Pygmy Mice (Genus Mus; Subgenus Nannomys) Mammalian Biology 79, 24–35.


Outreach materials

Videos on How to Control Rodents can be dowloaded from here by clicking on the language you require
How to control rodents - in English 
Comment contrôler les rongeurs - en français 
Jinsi ya kudhibiti panya - katika Kiswahili

StopRats-produced policy discussion papers covering some of the major challenges in controlling rodent pests in Africa and elsewhere.

StopRats rodent population outbreak discussion paper 
StopRats stakeholder network discussion paper 
StopRats biological control discussion paper 
StopRats how to control rodents discussion paper

WHO (2019) Expert Meeting Report on Innovative Control Approaches Of Rodent-Borne Epidemic Diseases And Other Public Health Consequences Of Rodents’ Proliferation, World Health Organisation, Geneva, 50 p.

Belmain, S.R, Ndiaye, C.F., Diallo, B., Rakotonjanabelo, L.A. Anoko, J.N., Rakotondrazafy, S., Forbin, E.E and Chêne, S. (2018) A New Rat Control Strategy for Madagascar to Prevent Plague Outbreaks, Organisation Mondiale de la Santé, Antananarivo, 23 p.


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